Nutrition

Two groups particularly vulnerable to poor nutrition are pregnant women, and infants and children. During pregnancy, proper nutrition is critical to the health of the mother and fetus. For the developing fetus, inadequate amounts of protein, vitamins, and minerals may compromise the growth of fetal tissue and organ development and increase the risk of preterm birth and low birthweight. After an infant is born, good nutrition is essential for growth and development, particularly during the first 3 years of life. With adequate nutritional intake at this crucial time for brain development, brain function can be adversely affected. Nutritional deficiencies also make a child more susceptible to lead toxicity and other environmental toxins, which can lead to permanent brain damage. On the opposite end of the spectrum, obesity promotes serious public health problems in the United States, including heart disease, malignancy, hypertension, diabetes, and depression. Increasing incidence of obesity in children and adolescents, coupled with the knowledge that obesity in adolescence tracks into adulthood, indicates obesity may become an even more serious health problem. Children and adults with disabilities are a high risk for obesity, sometimes because of social and behavioral factors,-and sometimes because of genetic predisposition, for example, Prader-Willi syndrome or Down syndrome.

News items related to the topic: Nutrition

Brain Activation in Response to Visual Food Cues in Children

January 8, 2014
Developmental Disabilities Grand Rounds
Ronald Cowan, Ph.D., M.D., Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Radiology & Radiological Sciences; Director, Psychiatric Neuroimaging Program; Scientific Director, Vanderbilt Addiction Center

Dietetic internship with Next Steps at Vanderbilt provides valuable –and healthy– experiences
A valuable partnership between Next Steps at Vanderbilt and the Vanderbilt Dietetic Internship program provides opportunities for professional development and independence while addressing health inequalities of individuals with intellectual disabilities.

Studies related to the topic: Nutrition

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People related to the topic: Nutrition

James May, M.D.
Professor of Medicine; Professor of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics

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