Responses to Stress Questionnaire (RSQ)
The RSQ measures coping and involuntary stress responses. It begins with a checklist of stressors that pertain to a specific stressful situation or domain of stress (e.g., parental depression, childhood cancer, family conflict, economic hardship, chronic pain, academic stressors), which the participant rates in terms of how often each stressor has occurred in the recent past (versions are available for most stressors to obtain adolescents’ self-reports, parents’ reports about their child, and parents’ reports about themselves). The questionnaire then asks the participant to keep those specific stressors in mind when responding to the items that comprise the stress responses. Participants rate how often they use each coping method or experience each type of involuntary stress response on a scale of 1 (Not at all) to 4 (A lot). Some items require participants to select an answer on the 1 to 4 scale and write in additional information to describe specifically how they employed that particular coping strategy. The RSQ contains items to measure three types of coping and two types of involuntary stress responses. The measure thus yields five factors: primary control coping, secondary control coping, disengagement coping, involuntary engagement, and involuntary disengagement. Proportion scores can then be created for each factor, thus controlling for individual differences in rates of endorsing items.
For what populations can it be used?
The RSQ can be filled out by children and adults regarding their own personal coping and involuntary stress responses and parents can also fill out the RSQ in regards to how their children respond to stress. The RSQ can be used for many types of stressors, and various versions have been created to measure specific stressful situations experienced by children and families. It has been used with clinical populations (e.g. families coping with parental depression) as well as pediatric populations (e.g. children with cancer).
In what languages is it available?
Here are the Versions we have currently Translated:
- Dutch : Child Self-Report- Maternal Depression
- Thai: Parent Report on Child- Pediatric Cancer, Child Self-Report- Pediatric Cancer
- Spanish: Parent Self-Report- Pediatric Cancer, Parent Report on Child- PEdiatric Cancer
- Portuguese: Parent Report on Child- Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease
To translate the RSQ into a different language, please contact the Stress and Coping lab at: email@example.com
For the translation, we require a forward translation into the new language be sent to us for our records and a back translation into English for approval so we can ensure the validity.
1. Is there an RSQ for general stress?
The RSQ is designed to capture the ways that individuals cope with and react to specific sources or domains of stress, as research suggests that coping is stressor or domain specific. Therefore, there is not a version of the RSQ designed to assess the ways that individuals “typically” or “generally” cope with stress.
2. Is there a minimum age for completing the RSQ?
Children must be at least 9 years old to complete the RSQ.
3. What if there is not a version listed for the stressor or domain I want to study?
If you are interested in using the RSQ but do not find a version for the domain of stress you are studying and want to have one developed, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Read section on the bottom of this page titled “Requests to develop an RSQ version for a new domain of stress”.
4. Where do I find more information about scoring the RSQ?
If you need more information about scoring the RSQ, please email email@example.com and we will send you detailed information about scoring. Scoring the RSQ requires the use of SPSS software.
Downloads for all existing RSQs
NOTE: In order to insure continued standardization of the RSQ, no changes in the measure can be made without consultation from Bruce Compas or a member of the Vanderbilt Stress and Coping Lab.
- RSQ – Academic Problems
- RSQ – Family Stress
- RSQ – Financial Problems
- RSQ – Interpersonal Stress
- RSQ – Parental Conflict
- RSQ – Parental Cancer
- RSQ – Parental Depression
- RSQ – Parental Traumatic Brain Injury
- RSQ – Pediatric Brain Tumor
- RSQ – Pediatric Cancer- In Treatment
- RSQ- Pediatric Cancer-Survivor
- RSQ – Pediatric Diabetes
- RSQ – Pediatric Epilepsy
- RSQ – Pediatric Headaches
- RSQ – Pediatric Hospitalization
- RSQ – Pediatric Pain
- RSQ – Pediatric Physical Condition (Somatization)
- RSQ – Pediatric POTS
- RSQ – Pediatric Recurrent Abdominal Pain
- RSQ – Pediatric Sickle Cell
- RSQ – Pediatric Heart Problems
- RSQ – Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury
- RSQ – Pediatric Chronic Illnesses ( Non-Specific Stressors)
- RSQ – Peer Stress ( College Student)
- RSQ – Peer Stress
- RSQ – Pregnancy
- RSQ – Sibling With A Chronic Illness
- RSQ – Stalking
- RSQ – Tornado
- RSQ – Violence
Requests to Develop an RSQ version for a new Domain of Stress
If you do not find a version above for the domain of stress you are studying, you can request that one be developed. The RSQ is designed to measure coping with a specific type (or domain) of stress. To help you develop a version of the RSQ for your study, we will need to know what type of stress you are studying (e.g. peer stress, pediatric cancer). Please include that in your submission of the form in the link below along with who will be asked to complete the RSQ (eg. parent and child). Please e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org and include the following
1. Your name
5. Type of Stress ( Domain of Stress-e.g. peer stress, pediatric cancer)
6. Who will be asked to complete the RSQ? (eg. Parent and child, just parents)
7. Topic of Proposed Research (one sentence)
As always, if you have any questions feel free to add them into the e-mail as well!
- Connor-Smith, J. K., Compas, B. E., Wadsworth, M. E., Thomsen, A. H., & Saltzman, H. (2000). Responses to stress in adolescence: Measurement of coping and involuntary stress responses. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 976-992.
- Compas, B. E., Connor-Smith, J. K., Saltzman, H., Thomsen, A. H., & Wadsworth, M. E. (2001). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence: Progress, problems, and potential in theory and research. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 87-127.
- Connor-Smith, J. K., & Compas, B. E. (2004). Coping as a moderator of relations between reactivity to interpersonal stress, health status, and internalizing problems. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28(3), 347-368.
- Compas, B.E., Boyer, M.C., Stanger, C., Colletti, R.B., Thomsen, A.H., Dufton, L.M., & Cole, D.A. (2006). Latent variable analysis of coping, anxiety/depression, and somatic symptoms in adolescents with chronic pain. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 1132-1142.
- Compas, B.E., Beckjord, E., Agocha, B., Sherman, M.L., Langrock, A., Grossman, C., Dausch, B., Glinder, J., Kaiser, C., Anderson-Hanley, C., & Luecken, L. (2006). Measurement of coping and stress responses in women with breast cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 15, 1038-1054.
- Wadsworth, M.E., & Compas, B.E. (2002). Coping with family conflict and economic strain: The adolescent perspective. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 12, 243-274.
- Wadsworth, M.E., Reickmann, T., Benson, M., & Compas, B.E. (2004). Coping and responses to stress in Navajo adolescents: Psychometric properties of the Responses to Stress Questionnaire. Journal of Community Psychology, 32, 391-411.
- Langrock, A.M., Compas, B.E., Keller, G., Merchant, M.J., & Copeland, M. E. (2002). Coping with the Stress of Parental Depression: Parents’ Reports of Children’s Coping and Emotional/Behavioral Problems. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 31, 312-324.
- Jaser, S.S., Langrock, A.M., Keller, G., Merchant, M.J., Benson, M., Reeslund, K., Champion,J.E., & Compas, B.E. (2005). Coping with the Stress of Parental Depression II: Adolescent and Parent Reports of Coping and Adjustment. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 193-205.